Dyslexia is a learning difficulty that mainly affects the ability to read, write and spell. People with dyslexia can find it very difficult to read and spell accurately and with fluency, at the level that would be expected for their age and intelligence.
People with dyslexia also have particular difficulty with:-
Phonological awareness (the ability to identify the small units of sounds in words; e.g. the 'p' sound in 'pat')
Verbal processing speed (the time it takes to process and recognise information, such as letters and digits)
Dyslexia is a spectrum disorder, which means that the symptoms range from mild to severe. It only affects some skills and abilities and does not affect a person's general level of intelligence.
Dyslexia is thought to be one of the most common learning difficulties. It's estimated that up to 1 in every 10 people in the UK has a certain degree of dyslexia.
Although dyslexia is a lifelong problem, a range of educational programmes and interventions are often effective in improving reading and writing skills in many children with the condition. With the right type and level of support, children with dyslexia can lead full and successful lives.
If you are concerned about your child's development, you should first speak to their teacher or the school's Special Educational Needs and Disabilities Coordinator (SENDCo).
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